Will the ‘caliphate’ be around a year from now? I

by Claude Salhani
It has been a year since Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the self-appointed leader of the Islamic State (ISIS), changed his name to Ibrahim and declare himself caliph of the Islamic caliphate on lands belonging to two established states — Iraq andSyria. The franchise has since expanded to many other places in the region.  By ignoring international
frontiers, ISIS basically has voided the Sykes-Picot agreement that established the
borders of the Middle East at the close of World War I.But then ISIS is trying to wipe
the region’s geopolitical slate clean. It is establishing new parameters in which all is
permitted, including removal of borders and ethnic and sectarian cleansing that tries to implement a totalitarian and fanatical vision of the world.
Until now, the various groups fighting for power in the region tended to respect old borders.That is no longer the case. The region’s map is being fundamentally challenged. States of the region can lay claim to other countries’ territories. Minorities,
too. Before too long, they are all likely to do so.
With very few independent media reports coming out of the region held by ISIS, it is difficult to offer a precise idea of what day-to-day life is like for those living there. The few reports that have filtered out tell of horrifying cruelty and atrocities, especially
against women and minorities. It is incredible that such brutality and backwardness can be presented as a possible way of life.The leaders of ISIS claim they are imposing the purest interpretation of Islam.
They are in reality trying to impose an anachronistic andvicious vision of the faith that is rejected by the overwhelming majority of Muslims, who yearn for peaceful coexistence and progress. The Islamic caliphate self-servingly picks and chooses
what aspects of modern life it can accept. While it declares itself the nemesis of modernity, it does not shy away from using and abusing the internet to shock and horrify worldwide audiences and put forward its nihilistic ideas. It spends millions of dollars on the latest cinematography equipnt to depict its barbaric behaviour.
In its propaganda videos, ISIS shows prisoners being forced to repeat the slogan “the Islamic State is here to stay”. Whether the so-called caliphate is around for a second…
anniversary will depend on to what extent the world faces up to this threat. It will depend in particular on the ability of Muslims to deprive this dangerous phenomenon of all legitimacy and support.

This is WW III

By Claude Salhani

We are at war; of that there is no doubt. In fact, we are in the midst of a world war; yet we fail to realise this because this war is unlike anything we have previ­ously experienced. And by “we” I mean all civilised nations that are either engaged or will become engaged in the fight against the group calling itself the Islamic State.

This war is different because it is being fought simultaneously not only on different fronts but on dif­ferent planes.

First, the war against the Islamic State (ISIS) is being fought in a conventional manner but not entirely so.

The difference in this war is that the front lines are fluid and the enemy is in multiple locations. There are overt and cov­ert aspects to this war.

Second, this is an asymmetrical war being fought by principals but also by proxies, with parties chang­ing side while the allegiance of others remains unclear.

Third, this is still very much a war against terrorism. On June 26th terrorist attacks occurred in Tunisia, Kuwait and France. The Tunisia attack at a seaside resort left 38 dead and more than 40 wounded, made hundreds of tour­ists run for the airport, cancelling remaining holiday time, and in all certainty dampened the country’s tourism trade for the next two to five years.

The attack in Kuwait targeted a Shia mosque, killing more than two dozen people and will very likely aggravate community rela­tions. In the attack in France one man was beheaded.

And fourth, this war is also being fought on the world wide web, as the internet has become a valuable place where hearts and minds can be addressed and recruited.

This type of four-pronged con­flict has never before been expe­rienced, and it is forcing conven­tional armies to rethink how they approach conflict.

However, ISIS may have contrib­uted directly to its eventual demise partially due to its arrogance and perhaps overconfidence.

With the establishment of the so-called caliphate, ISIS now has a return address — and that is its Achilles heel. Al-Qaeda was op­posed to establishing the caliphate before the United States was defeated because its leaders knew the United States would intervene. ISIS chose to ignore that threat and ploughed ahead and is paying the price for it.

As for defeating ISIS, someone needs to take the lead and, as the remaining superpower, the job be­falls on the United States, though this is unlikely to happen unless there is strong leadership in the White House, which is lacking.

Current political differences with Moscow need to be put on the back burner while the ISIS threat is ad­dressed. Let there be no doubt of the magnitude of the task ahead. The bloody events of June 26th showed that despite suffering a military setback with the loss of Tal Abyad to Kurdish forces, ISIS was still able to devote time and resources to carry out the Tunisia, Kuwait and France attacks.

These attacks raise many more questions than there are answers for. In an act of defiance ISIS had announced its intention to com­mit terrorist acts during the holy month of Ramadan.

Authorities were expecting attacks. Why did ISIS succeed? Unless authorities have advance knowledge of where and when something is planned, generic threats are hard to act upon.

Why were Tunisia and Kuwait targeted? Probably because they are the most liberal Arab countries in their respective region.

Tunisia is the only success story to emerge from the “Arab spring” disaster. It is the antitheses of what ISIS stands for. And probably facilitating the focus on Tunisia is the fact that about 3,000 Tunisians have joined the ranks of the terror­ist organisation.

Which raises more questions: Why? And how can the European Union and the United States help Tunisia?

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